Day 2 :
University of St Mary USA
Anand Shetty is a Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy at the University of St. Mary. He is also the Co-Director of Research in the department. Currently he teaches anatomy, exercise physiology, and a series of research courses. He received his Doctoral degree in Physical Education from the University of Northern Colorado. He has published and presented numerous articles on obesity, pranayama, yoga, hunger control, and a frequent invited speaker on obesity and nutrition. He has more than 30 years of teaching and research experience. He invites researchers to submit their scientific endeavors in the area of yoga, pranayama, weight control, nutrition, and physical therapy interventions to the Journal of Yoga and Physical Therapy. It is a great way to contribute and share knowledge to the world and community the importance of Yoga in physical therapy interventions in treatments and prevention of diseases.
The purpose of this study was To Identify Disparity Of Utilization Of Healthcare Services Among African Americans And Caucasians In The United States From 2006-2008 And 2009 And 2011. A random sample of patients with type II Diabetes Mellitus was collected from 2006- 2011 using files derived from inpatient charts and insurance carrier data was analyzed by an independent t-test. The outcome variables are number of hospital stays, length of hospital stay, number of physician office visits, number of physical therapy visits, and incidence of lower limb amputations. Health care disparities in the utilization of health care for DMII exist between African Americans and Caucasians. Caucasians are more likely to visit physicians and physical therapists while African Americans are more likely to go to hospitals, stay longer in hospitals, and have lower limb amputations. The causes of these disparities between African Americans and Caucasians require further investigation for complete understanding.
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the sonographic morphology of the rectus femoris muscle and quadriceps angle in individuals with flatfeet and normal feet.
Background: The feet act as linkages between the supporting surfaces and the lower extremities. According to a “ground up” approach, abnormal movements in distal joints such as feet, may cause compensatory movements in the proximal joints especially in closed kinematic chain. Flatfeet as a biomechanical misalignment of the feet, may affect the proximal knee joints alignment. However, the effects of the flatfeet on the morphology and biomechanics of the knee joints are not clear.
Method: Eight females with flatfeet type were individually matched based on the age and body mass index with 8 females with normal feet type as controls. The six items foot posture index (FPI) was used to categorize the flatfeet and normal feet types. The rectus femoris thickness were determined in both groups using B-mode gray-scale musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging with 5-10 MHz transducer. Quadriceps angle was measured in both groups using digital photography and reflective markers.
Results: The rectus femoris thickness was significantly smaller in individuals with flatfeet (16.97 ± 1.08) in compare to normal (21.05 ± 2.48) feet (P = 0.001). Quadriceps angle was significantly larger in flatfeet (32.48 ± 4.04) type in comparison with normal (18.58 ± 7.75) feet (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: The findings of the current study showed that the rectus femoris thickness and quadriceps angle were different in individuals with flatfeet and normal feet. The results of this preliminary study highlighted the importance of distal joint impact on proximal structures. Considering the influence of feet misalignments on the proximal joints, it is reasonable to assess the knee joints biomechanics in feet disorders in order to prevent consequent lower limb injuries.
Key words: flatfeet, Quadriceps angle, Rectus femoris, Thickness.
Pioneer College of Physiotherapy, India
Dr.H.BALA JEYA PERUMAL has completed his M.P.T in cardio thoracic at the age of 25 years from vinayaka mission university He is the principal of pioneer college of physiotherapy for the past 7 years, He has published more than5 papers in reputed journals and has been award as youth acheiver from a NGO. He was also got the the award for best teacher2011 by FPT tamilnadu branch.
Obese population is dramatically increasing worldwidw.there is a strong association between obesity and low back pain.The 1 month prevalence of low low back pain ranges from 30% to 40% in the general population. Mckenzie method is commonly used in the diagnosis management of patients with back pain.The objective of the study is to examine the cardiovascular responses of two common exercises namely, extension in lying(EIL) and extension in standing(EIS) used in the mckenzie system with different repetitions among class I obese subjects.
Methods: 50 class I obese subjects(25 males and 25 females) were randomly selected with in the age range of 20-40 years. Base line measurement of resting heart rate(HR), blood plessure (BP) and rate pressure products(RPP) were taken before and after exercises.multiple comparisons were done to analyze the significane within groups. One way analysis of variance for repeated measures was used to compare the dependent values obtained at rest and after 10,15and 20 repetitions.independent “t” test was used to determine the significance between two groups.
Results : No significant difference (p>0.05) were found in SBP and DBP after 10 repetitions in group 1 and SBP after 10 and 15 repetitions in group 2. There was a significant difference (p>0.05) in RPP after 15 and 20 repetitions within and between the groups.
Conclusion: increase repetitions of spinal extension exercises in prone lying bring more cardiovascular stress when compared to the same performed in the standing position among class Iobese subjects.
Manila Central University, Philippines
Er D . Petil Jr.Associate Professor III in Physical Therapy, Lecturer in Manila Central University, St Dominic College of Asia, New Era University. Master Degree in Special Education and Doctor of Philosophy student at the University of The Philippines.
Virtual Reality (gaming console) and Progressive Resistive Exercises (PREs) have emerged as recent treatment approaches in stroke rehabilitation. In particular, the Game console is used to aid in portraying and calculating body positioning, visual perception, balance, and gross motor skills while PREs is a strengthening technique that basically used by the Physical Therapist in treating impairments particularly muscle weakness. PRE’s can be administered via different forms; the study utilized PNF D1 Flexion, Extension patterns through resistive bands. The principle states to improve muscle performance and functionality that it should exceed the metabolic capacity of the muscle and challenged to perform at a level greater than to which it is accustomed. To improve the arm function of patients with Hemiplegic by using new dimensional approach. Quasi Experimental Group Pre and Post test Design is used in the study. Retrospectively, all the post-stroke patients who are at the age range of 40-70 years old were reviewed with selection criteria and been oriented with informed consent. Fifteen participants were randomly array into three variable groups, the two groups will be distributed to the experimental group and that will represents the Nintendo Wii and the PREs group. The remaining group will represent the control group which will undergo stretching technique and range of motion exercises (ROM) in the upper extremity. They were subjected into 15 treatment sessions and assessed two times by using the Modified Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Physical Performance for the functional mobility of the affected upper extremity of the post-stroke patients. Assessment was imposed before starting our first the treatment session and after the final session.The Modified Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Physical Performance demonstrates that Virtual Reality has the highest mean scores among all the interventions done with a M=55.80, SD=2.168 followed by the PRE’s (M=48.20, SD=6.340), and lastly the control group which is the lowest post-test mean score (M=40, SD=1.581).There is a significant difference on the post-test scores of the PRE’s as compared to Virtual Gaming Console. With the computed significant value of p=0.035 suggests to accept the Null hypothesis. This shows evidence that Gaming Console is a far more effective treatment than PREs for post-stroke patients in improving the mobility of the affected upper extremity.
Advanced Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation Center,India
Monika Naresh has her expertise in evaluation and passion in improving health and wellbeing. Completed her bachlors of physiotherapy from Amarjyoti Institute Of Physiotherapy. Since 2013 working as independent physical therapist. Achieved certificates in kineso Taping, Pilates , Dryneedling, bobath technique and many more. Served as assistant head of department at Roshan Hospital and currently proudly an owner at NewWorld Physiotherapy And Rehab Centre.
Wellbeing is state of being comfortable , healthy and happy. Apparently, it is imperative for Physical therapist to be fit and healthy in order to influence the wellbeing of the people around and the patients. Undoubtedly, the posture and fitness of Physical therapist is at the cost of providing best treatment to the patients. So, the topic directly relates to how physio take care of themselves as well as their patients wellbeing. Some interesting facts and practical advices would be solely described that would be of great value to all physio. The talk emphasis mainly on all dimensional wellbeing of the physio to connect with the importance of delivering the best by being best
aqai Institute Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Medicine,Pakistan
Dr.Mahwish Shamim ,Director at Baqai Institute Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Medicine, Baqai Medical University Liaquat National School of Physiotherapy, Pakistan
The aim of this experiment was to investigate if a warm- up period prior to eccentric exercise has a preventive effect on the increased sensitivity to pain, and the loss of force, associated with delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).
Twenty subjects were randomly assigned into group A (N=10) performing exercise with warm and cool down completed in 45minutes of exercise session, while the group B did not perform warm-up and cool down exercise. . The outcome measures were, visual analogue scale (VAS), and questionnaire
Data were recorded prior to exercise session and after 24 hours following exercise.
Group A the warm-up group developed significantly less pain than the group B 24 hours following exercise.
Study signifies that warm-up and cool down exercise may prevent or reduce the muscle soreness during 24 hours following exercise